CO GAS CYLINDERS FOR AQUACULTURE
Currently, MIG provides pure CO used in seafood preservation with these following specifications:
- Purity: 99,9 %
- Capacity: 40 liters
- Compression pressure:: 1350 psi – 93 bar
- Air volume: 4 kg
- Some products sold together with CO gas cylinders:Tattoo needle & spinal probe needle
APPLICATIONS OF CO
In food industry, CO plays an important role.
Carbon monoxide is currently used to preserve food and seafood and mainly used for a variety of fresh meat products such as beef, pork and fish to keep them fresh.
Carbon monoxide combines with myoglobin to form carboxy myoglobin – a bright red cherry pigment..
Applications of CO in Medicine:
Carbon monoxide is medicinally used as an effective neurotransmitter. It is one of three kinds of gas that naturally regulate inflammation in human body (nitrogen oxide and hydrogen sulfide are sequentially ranked in the second and third).
In many body tissues, all of these three kinds of gas are known to act as an effective anti-inflammatory and vasodilators and to be beneficial in promoting cerebrovascular growth.
Carbon monoxide inhalation has been shown to reduce allergy-related inflammation in rats.
Carbon monoxide is also effective in proofing against ischemic lung damage
Applications of carbon monoxide gas in metallurgy
Carbon monoxide is a strong reducing agent, so people have known how to use CO in metallurgy to reduce metals from ores since ancient times.
Carbon monoxide expels oxygen away from the metal oxides, then makes them pure metal at high temperatures and forms carbon dioxide (CO2) in this process.
)// Fabrication of carbon monoxide (CO) lasers
Carbon monoxide has also been used as an effective cooling medium in high-powered infrared rays.
Applications of CO in industrial chemistry
Carbon monoxide is an industrial gas that has many different applications in chemical production because of its unique properties.
Large amounts of industrial aldehydes are produced by the hydroformylation of alkenes, carbon monoxide, and H2. Hydroformylation will be combined with Olefin process which is higher than Shell to provide precursor for detergents and manufacture them.
MORE USEFUL INFORMATION ABOUT CO
CO (scientifically known as Carbon Monoxide) is a chemical compound widely used in many industrial fields and plays an important role in the seafood processing industry and preserving fresh fish and meat for export.
CO exists as a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas, and some people mistakenly assume it is an odorous gas. So, what is the characteristics of CO, is it toxic and how to safely use CO gas, and how to deal with CO poisoning accident?
What is CO?
Chemical name of CO gas is Carbon monoxide, it is colorless, odorless and tasteless. CO is slightly soluble in water and very resistant to temperature. Its molecule has a stable 3-bond, so it is very inert at room temperature (this gas is mainly active at high temperatures).
CO is a very strong reducing agent as well as a neutral oxide that cannot create salt
Current sources of CO:
- From industrial emissions
- Active volcanic areas
- In wells and sedimentary mines
What is the characteristic property of CO?
Carbon Monoxide or CO with the chemical formula CO, has these following characteristics:
- Molecular weight: 28,010 g/mol
- Density: 789 kg/m3
- Liquid: 1,250 kg / m3 at 0 ° C, 1 atm, 1,145 kg / m3 at 25 ° C, 1 atm
- Melting point: -205.02 ° C (-337.04 ° F, 68.13 K)
- Boiling point: -191.5 ° C (-312.7 ° F; 81.6 K)
- Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odorless and neutral oxide that is slightly soluble in water, but readily soluble in ethanol and benzene.
- .// CO gas is very toxic, and inhalation of CO can cause death.
Properties of CO – Carbon monoxide
Carbon monoxide is a substance with many important industrial applications. In both form of a gas or liquid gas, CO is widely used as a kind of fuel in industrial activities.
CO is also an effective reducing agent.
Carbon monoxide also reacts with certain metals such as iron, nickel and cobalt to form carbonyls.
Some of the carbonyls produced have unusual physical and chemical properties and they are useful for industrial activities of human. For example, the highly toxic tetracarbonyl nickel is used to make nickel.
When reacting with corrosive alkalis, carbon monoxide appears and forms alkaline that can be easily converted to formic acid or alkali oxalate for oxalic acid production.
When reacting with some mentals, CO forms carbonyl compounds and many of those compounds are volatile. This chemical reaction has been used extensively in nickel refining.
Carbon monoxide and hydrogen are also important starting materials in the production of methanol, the preparation of aldehydes and alcohols for fuels.
// Is CO gas toxic? How to deal with CO poisoning?
Is CO poisonous?
As mentioned above, CO is a very toxic gas, so it is harmful to people and the surrounding environment.
- When the concentration of CO in the air reaches 0.04% – 0.06%, it can cause poisoning and bad effects for people.
- When the concentration of coal gas or carbon monoxide reaches 12.5%, it can also cause explosion accidents.
It can be seen that carbon monoxide is an extremely dangerous gas, so we cannot be subjective but always need to be vigilant and take careful precautions.
Symptoms of CO poisoning are easy to recognize but happen very quickl. The victims often start to feel headache, discomfort, then nausea, dizziness, breathing difficultly and the more dangerous situation is slowly fall into a deep coma.
At higher poisoning levels, the victim will feel chest pain, start to dim, feel stuffy, have difficulty in breathing, and pulse faster. The lungs seem to be clogged up, no longer working. At this time, the victim can have convulsions and lose consciousness, brain is permanently damaged, the heart stops beating and death occurs.
What should I do if I find out a victim has CO suffocation?
- If you think that someone has been exposed to CO poisoning, please immediately remove the victim away from this area or open all the doors, windows or fire exits so that air can easily enter this space. By all means, please allow the patient to inhale O2 and discontinue access to CO.
- If the patient has a mild illness, he will quickly recover and regain alertness after being removed from this poisoning area. However, in worse cases, you need to perform CPR and then get the patient to the emergency room as quickly as possible.
- The person providing the first aid to the victim should also call for more helps to be wary of being affected by this toxic gas too.
What measures can be taken to prevent CO poisoning at home?
- You should think about installing a CO detector in your home. This detector should be installed in the places that the alarm can easily wake you up if something goes wrong. This gas detector can show the users in which concentration that CO is in their house as well as make the alarm work if the acceptable threshold of CO concentration is exceeded. You should replace a new CO detector in your house every five years.
- If you accidentally smell gas from your refrigerator, it may be a leak of CO.
- Please make sure that your gas appliances are properly ventilated. This prevents CO from leaking if the joints or pipes are not firmly fitted.
- Don’t temporarily fix ventilations with duct tape, gum, or other items. These types of patches are only temporary and can cause a lot of CO to build up in your house.
- Remember NOT to burn coals in closed spaces because all kinds of red/gray/black/white coals usually produce carbon monoxide when being burned.
- Don’t use generators indoors but in the basement or in your garage. You should better use it more than 20 feet away from windows, doors and vents.
- Whenever you use the generator, turn on the backup CO detector too.